Periodontitis: The Disease That Gets Worse Over Time

What Happens When You have Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a serious form of gum disease characterized by inflammation of the gums. It starts off quite simply as gingivitis, with some swelling and redness of the gum tissue. Most of the time it is painless and hence, can go unnoticed. Over time, if gingivitis is left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis, leading to more serious consequences in oral and overall health. Here are the stages of this disease, including their symptoms.

Gingivitis is the early form of periodontitis.

There may be gum swelling or puffiness, irritation, and a change of color from healthy pink to red or reddish brown. There may be no pain but you may experience some bleeding when you brush or floss. The cause is the buildup of plaque on teeth and under the gums that contain bacteria that produce toxins irritating the gums. If untreated, it will proceed to early periodontitis.

You will notice your teeth as if they are elongating, but it is actually your gums receding or pulling away from your teeth, creating pockets. There are bacteria inside those pockets and they may spread across the gums. While your body is fighting the infection, the gums begin to pull away. You may experience bleeding as you brush and floss. If still untreated, as most people do not pay notice, it will progress to moderate periodontitis.

At this time, there is bleeding and pain is felt around the affected teeth where there is gum recession. You may not know it but your teeth are already losing bone support. You will feel those teeth are loose or are wobbly in their sockets. The infection is still going on and an inflammatory response is raging throughout your body.

In the advanced stage of periodontitis, the tissues that hold your teeth in place begin to deteriorate. Gums and teeth may be losing their usual color and form and the teeth may be spaced out. There may be severe pain while chewing your food, foul breath, and foul taste in the mouth. You might be losing some teeth.


Seeking Help for Periodontitis in Bellevue

If you are experiencing any of these stages and symptoms, do see us promptly at Overlake Dental. Your Bellevue dentist is ready to help.